Treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa

Treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa

Dentistry Amel Dental (Dnipro) offers comprehensive services, which is a guarantee of the health of teeth, oral cavity and the body as a whole. Inflammatory processes in the oral mucosa are one of the main and common symptoms characteristic of diseases such as stomatitis, gingivitis, as well as traumatic tissue damage.

There are a number of factors that significantly increase the risk of mucosal inflammation. These include:

  • insufficient oral hygiene;
  • the presence of sick teeth;
  • smoking, regular consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • unbalanced diet;
  • disorders in the endocrine system;
  • the presence of parasites in the body;
  • heredity.

Very often, the cause of inflammation is chronic diseases of internal organs, infections, insufficient immunity. These factors disrupt the protective functions of the body, which creates favorable conditions for the development of pathogenic microflora. High-quality treatment is possible only with the correct determination of the cause of the development of the disease, which allows you to choose an effective course of treatment.

Let’s dwell on the most common diseases of the oral mucosa, which are treated in our clinic.


Stomatitis manifests itself as inflammation of the oral mucosa, which is a protective reaction of the immune system to various irritants. As a rule, this disease is typical for children, but recently it has been increasingly registered in adult patients. The cause of stomatitis is weakened immunity, viral infections, bacteria, soft tissue injuries, insufficient hygiene, autoimmune processes, the symptoms of which depend on the type of disease.

There are several types of stomatitis. Aphthous stomatitis, which is also treated in our clinic, is a disease that affects both children and adults. Factors contributing to the development of pathology are a weakened immune system, genetic predisposition. The main symptom of stomatitis is painful ulcers on the mucous membranes called aphthae. stomatitis aphthous treatment.

In adult patients, herpes stomatitis is most common, the main manifestation of which is a large number of vesicles on the mucous membranes, which subsequently form a large ulcer.

Herpes stomatitis, the symptoms of which are similar to other types of mucosal lesions of this type, develops for the following reasons:

  • 1
    chronic overwork;
  • 2
    weakened immunity;
  • 3
    hypothermia or overheating of the body;
  • 4
    neuropsychic pathologies;
  • 5
    long-term use of certain medications.

When treating stomatitis, the following methods are used:

  • 1
    local, which is aimed at relieving acute symptoms;
  • 2
    drug therapy aimed at eliminating the causes;
  • 3
    treatment using laser technology.


Gingivitis is an inflammatory process in the soft tissues of the oral cavity, which proceeds with the preservation of the integrity of the periodontal junction. The pathological process affects only the gums, however, if untreated, the inflammation can spread to the tissues located in the deeper layers, which is fraught with tooth loss. The most common cause of gingivitis is inadequate or inadequate oral hygiene (irregular brushing, inappropriate toothbrush, or brushing technique). Also, the reasons can be bad habits, burns, poor-quality prosthetics, autoimmune processes, the treatment of which was not carried out in a timely manner.

Among the main symptoms of gingivitis are the following:

  • swelling, redness of the gums;
  • bleeding during hygiene procedures or eating;
  • high sensitivity of tissues, painful sensations;
  • unpleasant smell.

There are the following types of gingivitis:

  • catarrhal;
  • ulcerative;
  • hypertrophic.

Another fairly common type of inflammation of the mucous membranes of this type is desquamative gingivitis. Its characteristic feature is desquamation of the gingival epithelium, as well as pronounced redness.

Treatment for gingivitis depends on the type and phase of the disease and is aimed at preventing the development of serious complications. For example, desquamative gingivitis, the treatment of which generally does not differ from the treatment of other types of inflammation of this type, is very often observed in dermatoses, hormonal disorders, so therapy should be aimed at combating these factors. According to the doctor’s prescription, the removal of dental calculus, replacement and grinding of fillings, etc. In some cases, curettage may be necessary.


Xerostomia, the symptoms of which are not limited only to dryness of the membranes of the oral cavity, is the cause of discomfort, can interfere with speech and swallowing, and promotes more intensive growth of bacteria. Typical manifestations of the disease are itching and burning in the mouth, and an unpleasant odor. The chronic form very often becomes the cause of oral candidiasis. The reason for the development of xerostomia can be the intake of certain medications, irradiation of the head (in the treatment of oncology). In addition, dry mouth can develop with AIDS, diabetes mellitus, and some other chronic diseases. In some cases, the disease is a consequence of hepatitis C, sarcoidosis.

Xerostomia, the treatment of which is carried out mainly with the help of drugs, also needs symptomatic therapy, which consists in taking funds to increase the amount of saliva, control caries, etc.

Oral candidiasis

Candidiasis is an infectious disease caused by yeast from the genus Candida. They are permanent inhabitants of the skin and mucous membranes in the oral cavity and do not cause harm, but when the immune defense is weakened, they begin to multiply intensively, which leads to the development of candidiasis.

The symptom of candidiasis is a white curdled coating on the mucous membranes of the mouth. As a rule, it forms on the surface of the tongue and cheeks, but in some cases it affects the gums, palate, tonsils. Under plaque, areas with reddened skin are recorded, which may bleed slightly.

In addition, candidiasis may be accompanied by a loss of taste, unpleasant taste, burning sensation, and cracks in the corners of the lips. With the progression of the disease, swallowing is difficult.

Candidiasis, the treatment of which, first of all, should be aimed at eliminating the factors that contributed to its appearance, can be local and systemic. In the first case, treatment is carried out only in those areas where the infection was detected. With systemic treatment, the whole body is exposed to therapy. It is very important to pay attention to the prevention of candidiasis, which should be manifested in the observance of oral hygiene, control of chronic diseases, and regular check-ups with the dentist.

Removal of papillomas

The appearance of papillomas (tumor-like growths) on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity is caused by infection with the human papillomavirus and its activation in the body. This virus is present in the blood of 90% of people, but its manifestations are recorded only in certain cases, for example, with a decrease in immunity. These unaesthetic formations can be easily removed using modern methods used in medicine.

As a rule, papillomas appear in areas exposed to mechanical stress. Defects formed in the mouth are lighter in color than other tissues and have a fine-grained structure.

Most often, papillomas are recorded:

  • 1
    in the throat;
  • 2
    on the vocal cords;
  • 3
  • 4
    on the tonsils.

They are very common on the gums and palate of people who wear uncomfortable dentures.

Before starting treatment, cytological and histological examinations are performed. A course of treatment is prescribed, consisting of antiviral drugs, agents that help improve the state of the immune system. Removal of papillomas is performed using the following methods: cryodestruction, electrocoagulation, radiosurgery.

Regardless of what you have to face: stomatitis, papillomas, desquamative gingivitis – Amel Dental clinic (Dnipro), these are always reliable diagnostic methods and effective treatment methods. The cost of treatment is indicated on the clinic’s website. Additional information on prices can be obtained through one of the communication channels or by calling the contact phone number.

Treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa
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10 years of practical experience. One hundred percent quality is important for Svetlana in her work. Scrupulous, responsible. Also, Svetlana is an assistant at the Department of Therapeutic Dentistry, DMA. Teaches dentistry to foreign students in English. Synchronous translator and interpreter of dental congresses of the international level. She studied the basics of surgical dentistry, diagnosis of periodontal tissue diseases, implant hygiene as prevention of peri-implantitis, the use of hyaluronic acid in dentistry.
  • Education
    DSMA, dentist
  • Specialization
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