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Orthodontic treatment is the correction of any malocclusion that is statistically present in 8 out of 10 people. The easiest way is to eliminate a defect in the development of the dentoalveolar apparatus in childhood. But modern dentistry has effective teeth straightening techniques that are effective even for adults, regardless of the complexity of the pathology.
If you want to have beautiful, healthy and even teeth, contact the Amel Dental Clinic. We offer you modern bite correction systems made in the USA and Germany, we use digital technologies for planning and modeling of ortho structures, and we solve the whole range of dental problems.
The correct development of the dentition implies a symmetrical arrangement of the teeth, the absence of gaps between the teeth, a slight protrusion of the incisors of the upper row over the lower ones when the jaws are closed. Defects in the structure of the bite are not only about beauty, and even not only about dental health. Violations in the development of the masticatory apparatus are fraught with complications such as impaired diction, digestive problems, head and facial pains, dizziness, difficulty breathing during sleep and snoring, the development of osteochondrosis.
Depending on the characteristics of the disturbance in the formation of the dentoalveolar apparatus, different types of bite develop:
There can be two solutions to the problem:
Surgical correction is resorted to only in the case of serious pathologies in the development of the jaws, clear asymmetry of the face, non-closure of the lips, chin dysplasia and other anomalies. Under certain conditions, orthodontic treatment is prescribed after surgery.
The non-surgical method is a bite correction using orthodontic systems. Modern orthodontic designs can correct any of the listed defects.
Braces of the system are braces that are fixed on the teeth and connected to each other by a metal arc. The alignment of the dentition occurs precisely due to the fastening arc – it creates pressure, under which the teeth gradually move and take the desired position.
With the help of braces in dentistry they perform:
All bracket systems work according to the same principle, however, there are many types of braces, which differ in design, manufacturing technology, materials, and have their own advantages and disadvantages.
This is a classic system where the fastening of the staple to the arc is performed using ligatures (elastic bands). The peculiarity of treatment with ligature braces is a strong pressure on the teeth, the need to adjust the position of the arch every month, since it remains motionless when the position of the teeth is changed, large protruding elements that are visible to others and create inconvenience for the patient.
Ligature-free or self-ligating.
The main feature and advantage of the system is the absence of ligatures. The arch is movable, so the pressure on the teeth is moderate, and the system itself does not need frequent adjustments. Visually, self-ligating braces are more attractive, they are not striking, and bite correction with their help is faster.
Braces are divided into:
Each type of system has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, the minus of vestibular braces is that they are visible, which can make the patient feel awkward and uncomfortable. However, thanks to modern materials, it was possible to achieve the maximum compactness of the plates and to make the braces unobtrusive. The system benefits from easy installation and no hygiene problems.
The lingual system is completely invisible to others. For many, this is a determining factor, because bite correction does not occur quickly, and during the months of wearing braces, a person can have important events in life when he wants to look attractive. A fly in the ointment for the lingual system is the complexity of the design, difficulties in caring for the oral cavity.
In both options, spring braces can be used. The spring is needed to open or close the cavity between the teeth (the springs in this case will be different).
Speaking about the difference in materials, we mean the difference in the manufacture of staples, since the base of the system (arc) is always made of nitinol. If you’ve seen a tooth-colored system, it means the metal wire has been stained.
According to the material, ortho structures are:
Combined systems are also used – for example, ceramic braces can be placed on the teeth of the upper dentition and metal braces can be installed on the lower jaw. Ceramic systems are more expensive than metal ones, and the combination of materials is aesthetics + economy.
The choice of the brace material does not affect the functionality of the bracket system. This is primarily a matter of attractiveness.
The usual orthodontic treatment regimen looks like this:
Our clinic uses the most informative method of bite diagnostics – 3D scanning, which allows you to get a complete picture of the structure of the dentition and the entire dentoalveolar system, to reveal the slightest deviations in the growth of teeth, occlusion, and development of joints. Based on the results of the diagnosis, the doctor consults and offers available ways to correct the bite.
2. Preparation for alignment of the dentition.
If necessary, at this stage, healthy teeth are removed to expand the dentition, and caries is treated.
3. Making braces.
The most accurate and functional CAD / CAM technology is used for modeling and manufacturing of orthodontic structures. Braces are manufactured in our laboratory.
4. Installation of braces.
This is a multi-stage process that takes about 1.5 hours. Before the immediate fixation, professional teeth cleaning and drying, antiseptic treatment and again rinsing and drying are performed. After preparation, a composite orthodontic adhesive is applied to each tooth for fixation and each bracket is installed on its own tooth. Then, to fix the structure, the glue is subjected to polymerization (hardening under the influence of light from a polymerization lamp). Finally, the orthodontist removes the excess glue.
5. Directly treatment.
It can take up to 2 years to wear braces. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the pathology. Throughout the entire period of correcting the patient’s bite, dentistry waits every 1-3 months, the orthodontist evaluates the results, performs dynamic correction of the system (replacement of the arch). Each time, a more rigid arch is established, which contributes to the movement of the teeth, and the correction of the bite.
6. Removing the braces system.
The time of removal is determined by the dentist orthodontist. He removes arcs and locks, performs hygienic cleaning of the oral cavity and, if necessary, dental treatment after wearing braces.
7. Retention period.
Orthodontic treatment does not end with the removal of braces. After the bite is corrected with braces, the teeth remain mobile for some time. To prevent them from returning to their previous position, it is necessary for some time (from several months to a year) to wear retainers (retention plate apparatus or retention mouthguards). With the completion of this stage, the correction course ends.
In this case, the doctor offers alternative options for correcting the bite:
Amel Dental Clinic has a comprehensive approach to solving any problems. We use the best achievements of modern orthodontic dentistry to provide our patients with fast, high-quality and comfortable treatment. We carry out digital diagnostics and offer different options for orthodontic systems, we carry out turnkey teeth alignment and treat occlusion pathologies of varying complexity. The treatment plan is drawn up collectively, with the participation of an orthodontist dentist, therapist and other specialists. You can sign up for a consultation by phone or online by filling out a form and specifying a convenient time to visit the clinic.